Neuroleptic medications are less effective against negative symptoms of schizo. Which of the following is a negative symptom
c. loose associations
d. flat affect
e. all of these are positive symptoms
Which of the following is NOT a negative symptom of schizophrenia?
a. flat affect
e. all of the above are negative symptoms
The subtype of schizophrenia in which delusions and hallucinations have themes is
a. catatonic type.
b. disorganized type.
c. paranoid type.
d. undifferentiated type.
The behaviors displayed in _____ of schizophrenia primarily involve motor behavior disruptions
c. paranoid type
d. undifferentiated type
Individuals with _____ tend not to have flat affect or anhedonia, but may become socially isolated because of their suspicions of others
a. brief psychotic disorder
b. schizophreniform disorder
c. schizophrenia, disorganized type
d. delusional disorder
Delusions experienced by those with delusional disorder tend to be _____; delusions experienced by those with schizophrenia tend to be _____.
a. impossible; at least possible
b. at least possible; impossible
c. vivid; vague
d. vague; vivid
Grandpa has us all worried and, frankly, scared. He has suddenly become suspicious of everyone and has some wild ideas about needing to protect himself from his loving family. His doctor has ruled out drugs and brain disease and suggests a psychological diagnosis:
a. delusional disorder
c. schizophrenia disorder
d. brief psychotic disorder
e. none of these
According to one study on the relapse rates of schizophrenia, approx. ____ of people who have one episode of schizophrenia will have no lasting impairments or further episodes.
The 48% concordance rate of schizophrenia in identical (monozygotic) twins, who share 100% of their genetic information, tell us that
a. schizophrenia is not a purely genetic disorder
b. schizophrenia is not a purely environmentally-controlled disorder
c. environmental influences play some role in schizophrenia
d. genetic influences play some role in schizophrenia
e. all of these
We need to use caution when drawing conclusions from family and twin studies of schizophrenia, because
a. researchers study only their own families
b. individuals with schizophrenia are often taken away from their families
c. when people share environments as well as genes, it is difficult to separate the influences of each
d. none of these
The most common type of hallucination that individuals with schizophrenia experience is
e. none of these
Which of the following has the highest chance of developing schizophrenia?
a. the child with of two parents with schizophrenia
b. someone in the general population
c. the nephew of someone with schizophrenia
d. the sister of a male with schizophrenia
e. all of the above have an equal chance of developing the disorder
The likelihood that schizophrenia is a polygenic abnormality explains
a. why researchers cannot seem to find one site for a schizophrenic gene
b. why there are differences in severity among those with the disorder
c. why risk having the disorder increases with the number of affected relatives in the family
d. all of these
The effectiveness of antipsychotic medications in those with schizophrenia
a. suggests an overactive dopamine system in persons with schizophrenia
b. suggests an underactive dopamine system in persons with schizophrenia
c. does not completely explain the role of dopamine in schizophrenia
d. both a and c
One characteristic of schizophrenia that differentiates it from other disorders described in DSM-IV is that the concept of schizophrenia
a. is made up of a number of behaviors or symptoms that aren’t necessarily shared by all the people with the disorder
b. has been recognized as a serious problem since the early 1800s
c. was first identified in the US
d. has a single biological cause that has been identified through the use of PET scan technology.
Guido believes that his computer comes to life at night and transmits messages about humans to Pluto. Assuming that is not true, it is an example of
a. affective flattening
b. frequent derailment
c. a delusion
After Steve was asked how his summer break was, he offers the following reply ” my summer was great. Yes, great as the Great Wall of China. China is one place I have never been. I sure do like to travel. My brother ised to work for a travel agent a long time ago. It sure has been a long time since I’ve seen my sister.” His reply is an example of
a. loose associations
b. silly affect
d. a negative symptom
e. wary flexibility
Almost every day you see a middle-aged man walking the streets with two large garbage bags slung over his shoulder. He seems to be homeless, and he spends a great deal of time apparently talking to and answering people you can’t see. His muttering seems incoherent and he will often suddenly laugh or giggle for no obvious reason. IF he is displaying schizophrenia (and he may not be) what type is it?
c. Type II
Elaine grimaces throughout the day and often imitates the words and movements of others. She is most likely displaying the _____ type of schizophrenia.
Roberto has experienced disorganized speech and hallucinations for the past six years. He has also experienced several major depressive episodes during this time period. Roberto would most likely receive
a. a diagnosis of comorbid schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
b. a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder
c. a diagnosis of schizophreniform disorder
d. a diagnosis of delusional disorder
e. a diagnosis of major depression
After Olga’s last final examination, she began experiencing auditory hallucinations and told her friends about her plans to reunite all missing children from around the world with their parents. Olga’s friends were relieved two weeks later when Olga reported that she was not hearing any voices an did not have any plans for reuniting missing children. Olga most likely experienced.
a. an undiagnosable event
b. a schizophreniform disorder
c. a brief psychotic disorder
d. a shared psychotic disorder
Researchers have found that ___ may be related to both the onset of schizophrenia, and to relapse
a. stressful life events
b. alcohol intoxication
c. excessive studying for psych exams
d. poor sleeping habits
e. none of these
You are very hopeful when your sister with schizophrenia is prescribed a powerful neuroleptic drug. At the same time, you know it is likely to affect her ____ more than her _____.
a. anhedonia; delusions
b. alogia; hallucinations
c. delusions; flat affect
d. hallucinations; delusions
e. alogia; flat affect
Tardive dyskinesia is
a. a side effect of some anti-psychotic drugs
b. a neuroleptic drug
c. a brain site affected by schizophrenia
d. a reference to enlarge cerebral ventricles
e. a side effect of schizophrenia
Which of the following statements is/are true
a. the lifetime prevalence rate of schizophrenia is nearly equal for men and women
b. schizophrenia affects about 1% of the population
c. people with schizophrenia have a higher rate of suicide and accidents
d. a and c
e. all of these
Alexander told his dormitory counselor that the entire freshman class was trying to get him to leave school, and explained to her how other students were breaking into his professors’ offices and changing his answers on homework and exams. Alexander is experiencing
c. delusions of grandeur
d. delusions of persecution
e. none of these
In which of the following situations would an individual with schizophrenia be most likely to experience hallucinations?
a. sitting on a busy subway train
b. sitting in a classroom full of students when the professor is eliciting class participation
c. sitting in an empty waiting room
d. sitting on a swing in the middle of a crowded playground
Research on methods to prevent schizophrenia involve
a. identification of high-risk children
b. prospective studies
c. longitudinal studies
d. all of these
During your volunteer work at a group home for people with schizophrenia, you have a series of conversations with one young man. He seems lucid, coherent, and reasonable on every occasion. You begin to think he has been misdiagnosed and wonder why he is there. Suddenly, he tells you he is the Queen of England, working closely with God to rid the world of evil spirits. You realize his schizophrenia subtype is
The higher rates of schizophrenia among African-Americans as compared to whites in the US appears to be due to
a. specific biological influences that are most prevalent among African-Americans than whites
b. improved immunizations for white children
c. cultural conceptualizations of bizarre behavior
d. misdiagnosis of schizophrenia
When pregnant mothers suffer diseases or are exposed to harmful toxins, their children sometimes develop problems later in life. One of these risks, whose reduction may help prevent schizophrenia, is
a. a virus
b. cigarette smoke
c. automobile exhaust
According to the CD-ROM “DEFICITS OF MIND AND BRAIN,” recent research using PET scans on schizophrenic patients who had never been administered neuroleptic medications indicated unusual activity in the
a. basal ganglia
b. reticular activating system
c. left globus pallidus
d. right septum
According to the CD-ROM “DEFICITS OF MIND AND BRAIN,” one of the patients described as exhibiting symptoms of schizophrenia was “Marsha.” According to Dr. Early, Marsha displayed all of the following symptoms EXCEPT
b. auditory hallucinations
c. persecutory delusions
d. anxiety attacks
In the CD-ROM “ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY: INSIDE-OUT,” “Etta” has experienced long periods of psychosis. During the video, which of the following made it most difficult for the clinician to conduct his interview
a. her extremely disorganized thought process
b. her active delusions
c. her engagement in hallucinatory experiences
d. her catatonic state
In the CD-ROM “ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY: INSIDE-OUT,” “Etta’ displayed involuntary , “tic-like” hand movements that were described as being related to a condition known as Tardive Dyskinesia. These movements are most likely cause by
a. her schizophrenia
b. her long history of taking antipsychotic medications
c. the degradation of her Peripheral Nervous System
d. her being nervous in front of the camera
T or F The term schizophrenia was first introduced by Emil Kraepelin
T or F Schizophrenia can disrupt a person’s emotional functioning
T or F According to researchers, the most active area of the brain during auditory hallucinations is normally involved with language comprehension.
T or F A positive symptom of schizophrenia is flat affect, but alogia is a negative symptom.
T or F The rarest type of schizophrenia is the paranoid type
T or F Paranoid is a subtype of delusional disorder in the DSM-IV
T or F As adults with schizophrenia enter later adulthood, they tend to display more negative symptoms
T or F Studies have found abnormally small lateral ventricles in the brains of schizophrenic people.
T or F Thorazine is a type of neuroleptic drug
T or F Symptoms of schizophrenia are classified as positive, negative and neutral
Eugen Bleuler’s concept of schizophrenia as an “associative splitting” of the basic functions of personality led to the incorrect use of the term to mean
a. a fugue state.
b. multiple personality.
c. cognitive slippage.
d. folie à deux.
Results of research showing that auditory hallucinations are localized in the expressive speech area of the brain suggest that
a. these hallucinations are produced by the auditory nerve in the ear as well as the speech area of the brain.
b. people who are hallucinating think the voices of other people are actually their own.
c. a person who is hallucinating is actually listening to his/her own thoughts.
d. these hallucinations are related to the disorganized speech that occurs in schizophrenia.
A research study involving schizophrenic adults looked at their facial expressions in home movies taken when they were children. The researchers were trying to determine if the development of schizophrenia could be predicted by facial expressions showing limited emotional reactions. This research study focused on the negative symptom called
b. affective flattening.
c. associative splitting.
d. emotional effect syndrome.
Schizophrenia is associated with “positive symptoms” that include all of the following EXCEPT
a. hallucinations and delusions.
b. good response to medication.
c. optimistic prognosis.
d. flat affect.
Research studies focusing on genetic factors in schizophrenia have found that
a. an individual with a schizophrenic identical twin has the highest risk factor (almost 50%) of developing schizophrenia.
b. in family studies of schizophrenia, the genetic influence can be separated from the environmental impact.
c. if one person in a family has a particular subtype of schizophrenia, e.g., paranoid, the other family members inherit a predisposition for that subtype only.
d. the more severe a parent’s schizophrenic disorder, the less likely the children are to develop it.
A treatment used in the 1930s for schizophrenia but now used primarily to treat severe depression is
a. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
b. prefrontal lobotomy.
c. insulin coma therapy.
Social skills training programs for schizophrenic patients have been
a. very successful.
b. not at all successful.
c. somewhat successful while the program is in effect.
d. only successful when the patient is on medication.