American Government CH 10

Term
Numbered consecutively and lasts for two years
Session
Period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business
Adjourns
Suspends until the next session
Prorogue
End, discontinue
Special Session
A meeting to deal with some emergency situation
Apportioned
Distributed
Reapportioned
Redistribute
Off-year elections
Congressional elections that occur between presidential elections
Single-member district
When voters in each district elect one of the State’s representatives from among a field of candidates running for a seat in the House from that district
At-large
Elected from a state as a whole
Gerrymandered
Districts that have been drawn to the advantage of the political party that controls the State’s legislature
How long does a term of congress last?
Two years
Who has the power to prorogue a session of Congress?
President
Reapportionment Act o 1929
Law that sets up “automatic reapportionment”
What is the permanent size of the House?
435
When does Alaska hold their elections?
October
What case led the Supreme Court held that the Constitution demands that the States draw congressional districts of substantially equal population?
Wesberry v. Sanders
When will the next two off year elections occur?
2010
How old does a member of the House have to be?
25
How long does a member of the house have to be a citizen?
7
Continuous body
All of the Senate’s seats are never up for election at the same time
Constituencies
The people and interests the senators represent
Trustee
Believes that each question they face must be decided on its merits
Partisans
Lawmakers who owe their first allegiance to their political party
Politicos
Attempt to combine the basic elements of the trustee, delegate, and partisan roles
Oversight function
Process by which Congress, through its committees, checks to see that various agencies in the executive branch are working effectively and acting in line of the law
Franking privilege
A well-known benefit that allows them to mail letters and other materials postage-free by substituting their facsimile signature (frank) for the postage

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