Chapter 14 Quiz 1

A therapist who uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic methods is said to be
While focusing on several intrusive thoughts that had been bothering her recently, Jenny was instructed by her therapist to report any ideas or memories stimulated by these thoughts. Jenny’s therapist was making use of a technique known as
free association
Classical psychoanalysts were especially interested in
interpreting the meaning of clients’ resistance to therapeutic procedures
Which of the following is derived from the psychoanalytic tradition and seeks to help patients gain insight into their relationships, including childhood experiences?
psychodynamic therapy
Who emphasized the importance of active listening in the process of psychotherapy?
Carl Rogers
A therapist helps Rebecca overcome her fear of water by getting her to swim in the family’s backyard pool three times a day for two consecutive weeks. The therapist’s approach to helping Rebecca best illustrates
exposure therapy
Systematic desensitization is a form of
exposure therapy
In a home for troubled youth, adolescents receive large colored buttons when they hang up their clothes, make their beds, and come to meals on time. The adolescents return the buttons to staff members to receive bedtime snacks or watch TV. This best illustrates an application of
operant conditioning
Cognitive therapists are most likely to
emphasize the importance of clients’ personal interpretations of life events
Nancy’s therapist encourages her to think about her strengths rather than her weaknesses and to develop a habit of thanking others when they compliment her or provide emotional support. The therapist’s approach best illustrates
cognitive-behavioral therapy
Psychotherapy is likely to be most effective when a client’s problem is
Which of the following is LEAST likely to be used for the treatment of depression?
The double-blind technique is most likely to be used in evaluating the effectiveness of
drug therapies
Tardive dyskinesia is associated with the long-term use of certain ________ drugs
Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from lithium?
Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement anxiety

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