HESI OB Assignment quiz

The mother of a neonate asks the nurse why it is so important to keep the infant warm. What information should the nurse provide?
A. The kidneys and renal function are not fully developed.
B. Warmth promotes sleep so the infant will grow quickly.
C. A large body surface area favors heat loss to the environment.
D. The thick layer of subcutaneous fat is inadequate for insulation.

Thermoregulation, heat regulation, is critical to the survival of a neonate because the newborn’s larger surface area (C) per unit of weight predisposes to heat loss. While keeping the infant warm may help the infant to sleep, it promotes transitional homeostasis, not growth (B). (A) is unrelated to cold stress of the newborn. (D) does not support the metabolic cascade that results from neonatal heat loss.
The nurse prepares to administer an injection of vitamin K to a newborn infant. The mother tells the nurse, “Wait…” Which response what be best for the nurse to make?
Explore mother’s concerns about infant receiving vitaK
The nurse is discussing the stages of labor with a group of women in the last month of pregnancy and provides examples of different positional techniques used during the second stage of labor. Which position should the nurse address that provides the best advantage of gravity during delivery?

Squatting (B) helps to align the fetus with the pelvic outlet and allows gravity to assist in fetal descent and gives the client an adventitious position for birth.
A primigravida at 12-weeks gestation who just moved to the United States indicates she has not received any immunizations. Which immunization(s) should the nurse administer at this time? (Select all that apply.)
Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B.
The father of a newborn tells the nurse, “My son just died.” How should the nurse respond?
“I understand how you feel.”
“I am sorry for your loss.”
“There is an angel in heaven.”
“You can have other children.”

“I am sorry for your loss.” Correct
A multiparous client delivered a 7 lb 10 oz infant 5 hours ago. Upon fundal assessment, the nurse determines the uterus is boggy and is displaced above and to the right of the umbilicus. Which action should the nurse implement next?
Observe maternal vital signs.
Document the color of the lochia.
Notify the healthcare provider.
Assist the client to the bathroom.

Fundus displacement commonly occurs in the early hours of the postpartum period due to urinary retention, so assisting the client to the bathroom (C) to void should be implement next.
An infant who weighs 3.8 kg is delivered vaginally at 39-weeks gestation with a nuchal cord after a 30-minute second stage. The nurse identifies petechiae over the face and upper back of the newborn. What information should the nurse provide the parents about this finding?
The pinpoint spots are benign and disappear within 48 hours.
Further assessment is indicated.
Petechiae occurs with forceps delivery.
An increased blood volume causes broken blood vessels.

The pinpoint spots are benign and disappear within 48 hours. Correct
The uterine contractions of a woman early in the active phase of labor are assessed by an internal uterine pressure catheter (IUPC). The nurse notes that the intrauterine pressure at the peak of the contraction ranges from 65 to 70 mm Hg and the resting tone range is 6 to 10 mm Hg. The uterine contractions occur every 3 to 4 minutes and last an average of 55 to 60 seconds. On the basis of this information, the nurse should:
Document the findings, because they reflect the expected contraction pattern for the active phase of labor.
What action should the nurse implement to prevent conductive heat loss in a newborn?
Placing a blanket on the scale provides a barrier to prevent conductive heat loss
While monitoring a client in active labor, the nurse observes on the fetal monitor a pattern of a 15-beat increase in the fetal heart rate that lasts 15 to 20 seconds. Which information should the nurse report during a shift change?
This is a sign of fetal accelerations; indicating fetal well being with labor progression
What action should the nurse implement when caring for a newborn receiving phototherapy?
Reposition every 6 hours.
Limit the intake of formula.
Apply an oil-based lotion to the skin.
Place an eyeshield over the eyes.

Place an eyeshield over the eyes.
A 31-year old woman uses an OTC pregnancy test. She is taking phenytoin (Dilantin) for epilepsy, under stress, and not sleeping well. What could cause a false-positive result?
A client who is breast feeding develops engorged breasts…what does nurse recommend to relieve?
Continue to breast feed every two hours
Nonpharmacologic interventions for procedural pain in a newborn?
Oral sucrose and non-nutritive sucking
Non-dairy sources of calcium
canned sardines
green, leafy vegetables
Infant respiratory distress intervention
place under humidified oxygen hood
What gastrointestinal finding would be of concern in a pregnant client?
Pica, can interfere with absorption with nutritive vitamins & minerals
Priority intervention during 4th stage of labor
Assess for hemorrhage
Nursing intervention to be implemented when apnea monitor alarm sounds for third time
Evaluate newborn’s RR & color
Upon fundal assessment, uterus is boggy and displaced to the right and above the umbilicus. What action should be implemented first?
Client should void to empty bladder; assist to bathroom
A client has been admitted for observation after undergoing CVS for Down Syndrome. What is priority assessment?
Monitor client for uterine cramping
A client is receiving an oxytocin infusion for induction of labor. When the client begins active labor, the fetal heart rate (FHR) slows at the onset of several contractions with subsequent return to baseline before each contraction ends. What action should the nurse implement?
Discontinue the oxytocin infusion.
Insert an internal monitor device.
Document the finding in the client record.
Change the woman’s position.

Document the finding in the client record. Correct
Postpartum hemorrhage prescription
The nurse notes an irregular bluish hue on the sacral area of an infant. How should the nurse document this finding?
Mongolian spots
Which action is the most important for the nurse to implement for a client at 36 weeks gestation who is admitted with vaginal bleeding?
Determine FHR and maternal vital signs
The nurse is assisting with the insertion of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) for a client at 32-weeks gestation who has severe preeclampsia with pulmonary edema. As the PAC enters the right ventricle, what is the priority nursing assessment?
A. Monitor for premature ventricular contractions.
B. Note any complaint of sudden chest pain.
C. Assess fetal response to the procedure.
D. Observe for maternal blood pressure change

Monitor for premature ventricular contractions.
The nurse is preparing to gavage feed a preterm infant who is receiving IV antibiotics. The infant expels a bloody stool. What nursing action should the nurse implement?
A. Decrease the amount of the feeding.
B. Obtain a rectal temperature.
C. Assess for abdominal distention.
D. Institute contact precautions

C. Assess for abdominal distention.
Which procedure evaluates fetal movement & fetal heart activity?
Non-stress test
Purpose of folic acid?
reduces risk for neural tube defects
What instruction most important to mother who is breastfeeding?
Avoid alcohol
A client comes into clinic and complains that her left breast is erythamatous and painful. The client asks “Can I still breastfeed?” What is the best response?
Continue breast feeding
While assessing a newborn, the nurse observes diffuse edema of soft tissues of the scalp that cross the suture lines. How should nurse document these findings?
caput succadaneum
Permanent skin changes from pregnancy?
striae gravidarum
A client in labor receives an epidural block. What intervention should the nurse implement first?
Monitor BP
Pregnant client reports urinary frequency. What is the cause
Growing uterus is putting pressure on the bladder.
Positive sign of pregnancy?
fetal heart tones heard with doppler
A client has been in labor for 8 hours when her membranes rupture. What action should nurse 1st implement?
Assess FHR & pattern
An infant with hyperbilirubinemia is receiving phototherapy. What intervention should be implemented?
Monitor temperature
A client is bearing down with contractions crying out “the baby is coming!” What immediate action?
visualize perineum for bulging
A woman asks nurse what the function of the placenta is in early pregnancy?
secretes estrogen & progesterone
Discharge teaching for client released from hospital after placement of cerclage. What is important?
Report uterine cramping or low back ache
A nulliparous client telephones to report she is in labor. What action should nurse implement?
Ask client why she thinks she is in labor
Which newborn assessment finding suggests fetal alcohol syndrome?
flat nasal bridge
A newborn infant is jaundiced due to Rh incompatibility. Which is important to report to HCP?
A client is experiencing “back” labor and complains of intense pain in the lower lumbar-sacral area. What action should the nurse implement?
Apply counter pressure against sacrum
A client at 28 weeks gestation experiences blunt abdominal trauma. Which should the nurse assess first for signs of internal bleeding?
Changes in FHR patterns
During a preconception counseling session, what info should nurse provide?
Include adequate folic acid in diet
Nurse administers Demerol Iv push 25 mg to laboring client who delivers in 90 minutes. What should be administered to infant?
What finding should nurse report for concealed hemorrhage in abruptio placenta?
Hard board like abdomen
A macrosomic infant by forceps delivery should be assessed for
serum glucose levels, signs of hypoglycemia
Risks for congenital heart defect occurring?
Heart develops 3-5 weeks after conception
Nursing action for newborn experiencing symptoms fo drug withdrawal?
swaddle snugly and hold tightly
Which finding indicates a 4-day old infant is receiving adequate breast milk?
saturates 6-8 diapers a day
A client said she dropped a cooking utensil and her baby jumped in response. What information does nurse provide?
Fetus can respond to sound by 24 weeks
Which finding indicates nurse to discontinue oxytocin?
FHR is 180 w/o variability
Nursing intervention to enhance bonding during 4th stage of labor?
Encourage early initiation of breast/formula feeding
Client concerned about weight gain of 17 pounds
weight gain acceptable for number of weeks pregnant
newborn in on a 4 hour feeding schedule of formula. To meet daily caloric needs, how many ounces are recommended?
3.5 ounces
(19-21 ounces/day)
A 36 week gestation client w/ pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is receiving an IV infusion of magnesium sulfate. Which assessment finding should the nurse report?
Magnesium toxicity causes respiratory depression, so RR of 11 breaths per minute is vital.
What nursing action should be implemented when intermittently gavage-feeding a preterm infant?
Allow formula to flow by gravity
A client who is at 24 weeks gestation presents to the ER holding her arm and complaining of pain. The client reports she fell down the stairs. Which observation should alert the nurse to a possible battering situation?
Other parts of her body have injuries in different stages of healing
Which client should the nurse report to the HCP as needing a prescription for Rh Immune Globulin (Rhogham)?
Primigravida mother who is Rh negative
What action should the nurse implement with the family when an infant is born with anencephaly?
Prepare the family explore ways to cope with imminent death of the infant
What procedure should the nurse follow to implement a glucose screening?
1. Wrap infant’s foot with heel warmer for 5 minutes
2. Cleanse puncture site on the lateral aspect of the heel
3. Restrain the newborns foot with your free hand
4. Collect a spring-loaded automatic puncture device
The nurse on a postpartum unit receives report for 4 clients during a change of shift. Which client should the nurse assess for risk of postpartum hemorrhage?
A multiparous client receiving magnesium sulfate during induction for severe preeclampsia
The nurse is assessing a full term newborn’s breathing pattern. Which findings should the nurse assess further?
1. chest breathing with nasal flaring
2. Diaphragmatic with chest retraction
3. Grunting heard with stethoscope
A neonate who is receiving an exchange transfusion for hemolytic disease develops respiratory distress, tachycardia, and a cutaneous rash. What nursing interventions should be implemented first?
Stop the transfusion
Which statement by a client who is pregnant indicates to the nurse an understanding of the role of protein during pregnancy?
Protein helps the fetus grow
Which action should nurse implement when caring for a newborn immediately after birth?
Keep the newborn’s airway clear
A client at 35 weeks gestation visits for prenatal checkup. Which complaint by the client warrants further assessment by the nurse?
Periodic abdominal pain
A client at 8 months gestation tells the nurse that she knows her baby listens to her, but her husband tells her she is imagining things. What info should he nurse provide?
The fetus is capable of hearing and does respond to the mothers voice
What prescription should the nurse administer to a newborn to reduce complications related to birth trauma?
Vitamin K
A preterm infant with an apnea monitor experiences an apneic episode . Which action should the nurse implement first?
Gently rub the infants feet or back
A gravid client develops maternal hypotension following regional anesthesia. What interventions should the nurse implement?
1. Administer O2
2. Increase IV fluids
3. Place in lateral position
4. Monitor fetal status
Which cardiovascular finding should the nurse assess further in a client who is at 20 weeks gestation?
Decrease pulse rate
A client delivers twins, one is stillborn, another is in ICU. As the nurse provides assistance to the bathroom, the client softly crying states, “I wish my baby could have lived”. Which response is best for the nurse to provide?
I am sorry for your loss. Do you want to talk about it?
A nurse assesses a male newborn with vital signs axillary temperature 95.1, HR 136 bpm, RR 48. Which action should nurse take first?
Assess infant’s blood glucose, as low temp is a sign of hyperthermia/hypoglycemia
The nurse is planning for care of 30 year old primigravida with pre-gestational diabetes. What is the most important factor?
Degree of glycemic control during pregnancy
A client who want to deliver at home asks the nurse to explain the role of a nurse midwife. What information should the nurse provide?
The pregnancy should progress normally and should be considered low risk
A client at 29 weeks gestation with possible placental insufficiency is being prepared for prenatal testing. Information about which diagnostic study should the nurse provide?
Which finding in the medical history of a postpartum client should the nurse withhold the administration of a routine standing order for methylergonovine maleate (Methergine)?
pregnancy induced hypertension

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